Momwe Mungachepetse Kunenepa ndi Ephedrine Mwalamulo

Nthawi Yowerenga: 6 mphindi

Anthu ambiri amafuna ephedrine kuwonjezeka mphamvu ndi kulimbikitsa kuonda.

The ephedra chomera anapeza kutchuka monga phungu zotheka mu 1990s ndipo anakhala wamba pophika mu zowonjezera zakudya kudzera m'ma 2000s.

Ngakhale maphunziro ena awonetsa kuti akhoza kuonjezera mitsempha yamatenda ndi kuwonda, nkhawa zachitetezo zadziwikanso ephedrine.

Nkhaniyi akukuuzani zimene muyenera kudziwa za zotsatira ephedrine pa kuwonda, komanso kuopsa kwake ndi udindo malamulo.

Ephedrine ndi chiyani?

Ephedra sinica, amatchedwanso ma huang, ndi chomera mbadwa ku Asia, ngakhale kuti imamera m'madera ena padziko lonse lapansi. Zakhala zikugwiritsidwa ntchito muzamankhwala achi China kwazaka masauzande ambiri (1Trusted Source, 2Trusted Source).

Ngakhale chomeracho chili ndi mankhwala angapo ephedra ndi chiyani, zotsatira zazikulu za ephedrine mwina amayamba ndi ephedrine molekyulu (3).

Ephedrine ali ndi zotsatira zingapo pa thupi lanu, monga kuonjezera mlingo wanu kagayidwe kachakudya ndi Kuwotcha Mafuta (4 Trusted Source, 5 Trusted Source)

Pazifukwa izi, ephedrine wakhala anaphunzira mphamvu yake kuchepetsa thupi ndi mafuta a thupi. M'mbuyomu, idatchuka kwambiri pakuchepetsa thupi. ephedrine kugula.

Komabe, chifukwa nkhawa chitetezo, zowonjezera munali mitundu yeniyeni ya mankhwala opezeka ephedrine - otchedwa ephedrine alkaloids - zaletsedwa m'mayiko angapo, kuphatikizapo United States. ephedra viridis ndi chiyani (1).

Kodi ephedrine amagwiritsidwa ntchito bwanji?
Kodi ephedrine amagwiritsidwa ntchito bwanji?

CHIPHUNZITSO

The ephedra chomera (ma huang) lili angapo mankhwala mankhwala, koma chodziwika kwambiri ndi ephedrine. Molekyu iyi imakhudza machitidwe osiyanasiyana amthupi ndipo imagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati chopangira onjezera chakudya chotchuka chisanaletsedwe m’maiko angapo ephedrine ndi chiyani.

Imawonjezera kuchuluka kwa metabolic komanso kuchepa kwamafuta

Ambiri mwa maphunziro kupenda zotsatira za ephedrine pa kuwonda kunachitika pakati pa 1980s ndi oyambirira 2000s - pamaso zowonjezerapo munali ephedrine oletsedwa.

Ngakhale ephedra Tingafinye zigawo zosiyanasiyana za ephedrine zingakhudze thupi lanu, zotsatira zodziwika kwambiri mwina chifukwa ephedrine.

Kafukufuku angapo asonyeza kuti ephedrine kumawonjezera mpumulo mlingo kagayidwe kachakudya - chiwerengero cha zopatsa mphamvu kuti thupi lanu limayaka popuma - zomwe zingakhale chifukwa cha kuchuluka kwa ma calories omwe amawotchedwa ndi minofu yanu (4 Trusted Source, 6 Trusted Source)

A ephedra Tingafinye ndi chiyani imathanso kulimbikitsa kuyaka kwamafuta m'thupi lanu (7Trusted Source, 8Trusted Source).

Kafukufuku wina anapeza kuti chiwerengero cha zopatsa mphamvu kuwotchedwa mu maola 24 anali 3,6% apamwamba pamene achikulire wathanzi anatenga ephedrine poyerekeza ndi pamene anatenga placebo (5Trusted Source).

Kafukufuku wina adawona eph 50 zotsatira zoyipa kuti anthu onenepa akatsatira a zakudya zopatsa mphamvu zotsika kwambiri, kuchuluka kwa kagayidwe kake kakhoza kutsika. Komabe, izi zinapewedwa pang'ono potenga ephedrine (9).

Kuphatikiza pa kusintha kwakanthawi kochepa mu metabolism, maphunziro ena akuwonetsa kuti ephedrine ikhoza kulimbikitsa kuwonda. ephedra viridis ufa ndi chiyani chomwe chimagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi mafuta kwa nthawi yaitali.

Mu maphunziro asanu a ephedrine poyerekeza ndi placebo, ephedrine anatsogolera 3 mapaundi (1,3 makilogalamu) kuwonda kwambiri pamwezi kuposa placebo - kwa miyezi inayi (10Trusted Source, 11Trusted Source).

Komabe, deta yaitali pa zothandiza ephedrine kwa kuwonda akusowa (10 Magwero odalirika) ephedra viridis ndi ephedrine.

Komanso, maphunziro ambiri ephedrine kufufuza osakaniza ephedrine ndi caffeine, osati ephedrine yokha (11).

CHIPHUNZITSO

Ephedrine, chigawo chofunikira cha ephedrine, akhoza kuwonjezera chiwerengero cha zopatsa mphamvu thupi lanu amayaka. Kafukufuku wasonyeza ephedra ndi chiyani kuti izi zimapangitsa kulemera kwakukulu ndi kutaya mafuta kwa masabata mpaka miyezi, ngakhale kuti maphunziro a nthawi yayitali ndi ochepa.

ephedrine phindu
ephedrine phindu

Amagwira ntchito mogwirizana ndi caffeine

maphunziro ambiri amene anafufuza zotsatira za ephedrine pa kuwonda aphatikiza pophika ndi caffeine.

Kuphatikiza kwa eph 100 zotsatira zoyipa ndipo caffeine ikuwoneka kuti imakhudza kwambiri thupi lanu kuposa chilichonse chomwe chilipo (12Trusted Source, 13Trusted Source).

Mwachitsanzo, ephedrine kuphatikiza caffeine kumawonjezera mlingo kagayidwe kachakudya kuposa ephedrine yekha (14Trusted Source).

Pa a eph 50 ndi chiyani kuphunzira wathanzi onenepa ndi akuluakulu onenepa, kuphatikiza 70 mg wa tiyi kapena khofi ndi 24 mg wa ephedrine kuchuluka kagayidwe kachakudya mlingo ndi 8% pa 2 hours poyerekeza placebo (15Trusted Source).

Kafukufuku wina wanenanso kuti caffeine ndi ephedrine aliyense payekha analibe zotsatira kuwonda, pamene kaphatikizidwe awiri opangidwa kuwonda (16Trusted Source).

Kupitilira masabata 12 ephedrine reference, kutenga osakaniza ephedrine ndi tiyi kapena khofi 3 pa tsiku kunachititsa kuti 7,9% kuchepetsa mafuta m`thupi poyerekeza ndi 1,9% chabe ndi placebo (15Trusted Source).

Kafukufuku wina wa miyezi 6 mwa anthu 167 onenepa kwambiri komanso onenepa kwambiri anayerekeza chowonjezera chomwe chili ndi ephedrine ndi caffeine ndi kusinthidwa ephedrine placebo panthawi yochepetsera thupi (17Trusted Source)

Gulu lotenga ephedrine linataya makilogalamu 4,3 a mafuta poyerekeza ndi gulu la placebo, lomwe linataya makilogalamu 2,7 okha a mafuta.

Gulu la ephedrine nalonso kugula ephedrine kuchepetsa kulemera kwa thupi ndi mafuta LDL (yoyipa) kuposa gulu la placebo.

Ponseponse, umboni womwe ulipo ukuwonetsa kuti mankhwala okhala ndi ephedrine - makamaka akaphatikizidwa ndi caffeine - atha kuonda komanso kutaya mafuta.

CHIPHUNZITSO

Ephedrine kuphatikiza caffeine akhoza ephedra kugula kuonjezera mlingo wa kagayidwe kachakudya ndi kutayika kwa mafuta kuposa chinthu chilichonse chokha. Kafukufuku akusonyeza kuti kuphatikiza ephedrine ndi caffeine umabala kulemera kwambiri ndi kutaya mafuta kuposa placebo.

ephedrine momwe mungatengere
ephedrine momwe mungatengere

mavuto ndi chitetezo

Mlingo wa ephedrine ntchito kafukufuku zimasiyanasiyana, ndi amadya zosakwana 20 mg wa patsiku ankaona otsika, 40 kuti 90 mg wa pa tsiku amaona zolimbitsa, ndi Mlingo wa 100 kuti 150 mg wa patsiku ankaona mkulu.

Ngakhale zotsatira zabwino ephedra mu kagayidwe ndi kulemera kwa thupi ankaona pa Mlingo zosiyanasiyana, ambiri amakayikira chitetezo ephedrine.

Maphunziro aumwini awonetsa zotsatira zosakanikirana zokhudzana ndi chitetezo ndi Zotsatira zoyipa wa mankhwala angapo Mlingo.

Ena adanenanso kuti palibe zotsatirapo zazikulu, pamene ena amasonyeza zotsatira zosiyanasiyana zomwe zinayambitsa ephedrine mtengo otenga nawo mbali asiya maphunziro (10 Trusted Source, 17 Trusted Source, 18 Trusted Source)

Malipoti mwatsatanetsatane anaphatikiza zotsatira za maphunziro angapo kuti amvetse bwino nkhawa zokhudzana ndi kumwa ephedrine.

Kuwunika kwa 52 mayesero osiyanasiyana azachipatala sanapeze zochitika zazikulu, monga imfa kapena matenda a mtima, mu maphunziro a ephedrine - ndi kapena popanda caffeine (11Trusted Source).

Komabe, kusanthula chomwecho anapeza kuti mankhwala anali kugwirizana ndi awiri kapena katatu chiopsezo chachikulu cha eph100 nseru, kusanza, kugunda kwa mtima komanso mavuto amisala.

Kuphatikiza apo, milandu yamunthu payekha ikawunikiridwa, kufa zingapo, kugunda kwamtima, ndi zochitika zamisala zimatha kulumikizidwa ndi ephedrine (11).

Kutengera ndi umboni, nkhawa zomwe zingakhalepo zokhudzana ndi chitetezo zinali zofunikira kwambiri kuti zithandizire kutsata malamulo ephedra zowonjezera United States ndi kwina (1Trusted Source).

CHIPHUNZITSO

Ngakhale maphunziro ena pawokha sanawonetse zotsatira zoyipa kuchokera ku ephedrine kapena ephedrine kumwa, kufatsa mpaka kwambiri pazotsatira zoyipa zawonekera pakuwunika zonse. efredine kafukufuku alipo.

udindo walamulo

Ngakhale therere ephedrine ndi mankhwala monga ma huang tiyi zilipo kugula, zowonjezera zakudya munali ephedrine alkaloids si.

Chifukwa cha zovuta zachitetezo ephedra ndi chiyani, Food and Drug Administration (FDA) yoletsedwa mankhwala okhala ndi ephedrine mu 2004 (1Trusted Source, 19Trusted Source)

Ena ephedrine munali mankhwala akadali kupezeka pa-kauntala, ngakhale malamulo okhudza kugula zinthu izi zingasiyane ndi boma.

Chifukwa cha kutchuka kwakukulu kwa ephedrine munali mankhwala pamaso chiletso FDA, anthu ena akuyesetsabe kupeza mankhwala. ephedrine amawonda kwa kuwonda ndi chosakaniza ichi.

Pachifukwachi, ena opanga zakudya zowonjezerapo msika mankhwala kuwonda amene ali mankhwala opezeka ephedrine koma alkaloids ephedrine.

Mankhwalawa sangakhale ndi nkhawa za chitetezo zomwe zimatchulidwa pazinthu zomwe zili ndi ephedrine - koma zingakhalenso zochepa.

Ngakhale mayiko ena kunja kwa Thermogenic ndi ephedrine United States waletsanso mankhwala okhala ephedrine, malamulo enieni amasiyana.

CHIPHUNZITSO

zowonjezera zakudya munali ephedrine alkaloids oletsedwa ndi FDA mu 2004. Mankhwala okhala ephedrine ndi ephedrine chomera akadali kupezeka kugula, ngakhale malamulo akhoza zosiyanasiyana. ephedrine mavuto malinga ndi malo.

Kutsiliza

The ephedrine chomera wakhala ntchito mankhwala Asian.

Ephedrine, mmodzi wa zigawo zikuluzikulu za ephedrine, akhoza kuonjezera kagayidwe ndi chifukwa kuwonda - makamaka mu ephedrine kumene kugula kuphatikiza ndi caffeine.

Komabe, chifukwa nkhawa chitetezo, zowonjezera zakudya munali ephedrine - koma osati mankhwala ena ephedrine - panopa oletsedwa mu United States ndi kwina.

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